Research

GENERAL RESEARCH INTERESTS

My general research interests include social stratification and policy; race, class, and gender inequality; credit and labor markets; economic sociology; organizations; and quantitative and qualitative methods. If you were to ask me about my area, I’d likely tell you that I study social stratification and policy with several research projects that fall under this broad area.

By studying wealth inequality, household structures, and disability discrimination, especially as shaped by race, gender, family, and disability, I aim to push stratification research to incorporate novel areas, new resources, and different groups.

Within these areas, I divide my on-going research into projects focused on wealth inequality, credit markets, and economic insecurity and projects that address labor market inequality and discrimination. The former includes research on the causes and consequences of bankruptcy, wealth disparities across groups in the United States and Canada, the growing importance of family support for debt management, and credit market outcomes for formerly incarcerated persons. The latter investigates labor market inequality with a focus on people with disabilities and the effects of parenthood on earnings for baby boomer and millennial women in the United States.


JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS

Maroto, Michelle Lee. 2017. “When the Kids Live at Home: Coresidence, Parental Assets, and Economic Insecurity.” Journal of Marriage and Family 79(4): 1041-1059.

Maroto, Michelle Lee and Laura Aylsworth. 2017. “Assessing the Relationship between Gender, Household Structure, and Net Worth in the United States.” Journal of Family and Economic Issues (Online First) 1-16.

Pettinicchio, David and Michelle Lee Maroto. 2017. “How Gender and Disability Status Intersect to Shape Labor Market Outcomes.” Research in Social Science and Disability 10: 3-33.

Maroto, Michelle and Laura Aylsworth. 2016. “Catching Up or Falling Behind? Continuing Wealth Disparities for Immigrants to Canada by Region of Origin and Cohort.” Canadian Review of Sociology 53(4): 374-408.

Sykes, Bryan L., and Michelle Maroto. 2016. “A Wealth of Inequalities: Mass Incarceration, Employment, and Racial Disparities in Household Wealth, U.S. 1996-2011.” Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences 2(6): 129-152.

Maroto, Michelle. 2016. “Growing Farther Apart: Racial and Ethnic Inequality in Household Wealth Across the Distribution.” Sociological Science 3: 801-824.

Maroto, Michelle. 2016. “Fifteen Years of Wealth Disparities in Canada: New Trends or Simply the Status Quo?” Canadian Public Policy 42(2): 152-167.

Maroto, Michelle Lee, and David Pettinicchio. 2015. “Twenty-five Years After the ADA: Situating Disability in America’s System of Stratification.” Disability Studies Quarterly 35(3).

Maroto, Michelle Lee. 2015. “Pathways into Bankruptcy: Accumulating Disadvantage and the Consequences of Adverse Life Events.” Sociological Inquiry 85(2): 183-21

Maroto, Michelle Lee. 2015. “The Absorbing Status of Incarceration and Its Relationship with Wealth Accumulation.” Journal of Quantitative Criminology 31(2): 207-236.

Maroto, Michelle, and David Pettinicchio. 2014. “Disability, Structural Inequality, and Work: The Influence of Occupational Segregation on Earnings for People with Different Disabilities.” Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 38: 76-92.

Maroto, Michelle, and David Pettinicchio. 2014. “The Limitations of Disability Antidiscrimination Legislation: Policymaking and the Economic Wellbeing of People with Disabilities.” Law & Policy 36(4): 370-407.

Maroto, Michelle Lee. 2012. “The Scarring Effects of Bankruptcy: Cumulative Disadvantage Across Credit and Labor Markets.” Social Forces 91(1): 99-130.

Maroto, Michelle Lee. 2011. “Professionalizing Body Art: A Marginalized Occupational Group’s Use of Professionalization Strategies to Formalize Control.” Work and Occupations 38: 101-138.

Reskin, Barbara F., and Michelle L. Maroto. 2011. “What Trends? Whose Choices? : Comment on England.” Gender & Society 25(1): 81-87.

Williamson, John B., Howling, Stephanie A., and Maroto, Michelle L. 2006. “The Political Economy of Pension Reform in Russia: Why Partial Privatization?” Journal of Aging Studies 20: 165-175.


BOOK CHAPTERS AND REPORTS

Maroto, Michelle Lee. 2015. “Perspectives on Post-Secondary Education in Alberta: Results fromt the 2014 Alberta Survey.” Report for thePopulation Research Laboratory. University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB. http://www.ualberta.ca/ prl/easdata/ResearchBrief-PostSecEduc.pdf

Maroto, Michelle L., and Richard N. Brandon. 2012. “Background Data on the ECCE Workforce.” The Early Childhood Care and Education Workforce: Challenges and Opportunities. Commissioned paper prepared for the IOM Committee on the ECCE Workforce. The National Academies Press. Washington, DC.

Maroto, Michelle Lee, and Brian Serafini. 2012 “Deeper Cuts, Greater Scars: Inequality in Reemployment Outcomes for Workers During the Great Recession.” Report for the U.S. Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration (DOL ETA).

Brandon, Richard N., T.J. Stutman, and Michelle Maroto. 2010. “The Economic Value of Early Care and Education in the U.S.,” in Weiss, E. and R. Brandon, The Economic Value of the U.S. Early Childhood Sector. Washington, DC: Partnership for America’s Economic Success.


WORKING PAPERS AND PROJECTS

Maroto, Michelle Lee. “Troubles, Transitions, and Transfers: The Wealth Effects of Parental Support for Adult Children by Race and Ethnicity.”

Maroto, Michelle Lee. “Sharing or Limiting the Wealth? Coresidence with Adult Children and Its Relationship with Net Worth in the United States and Canada.”

Maroto, Michelle Lee and Bryan Sykes. “The Varying Effects of Incarceration, Conviction, and Arrest on Wealth Outcomes Among Young Adults.”

Pettinicchio, David and Michelle Lee Maroto. “The Universalizing Effects of Unionism: Policy, Inequality, and Disability.”

Maroto, Michelle Lee and Brian Serafini. “Different Story, Same Ending: Family-Related Gender Earnings Penalties and Premiums Across Two Generations.”

Maroto, Michelle Lee and Brian Serafini. “Recession, Man-cession, or Mom-cession? Gender Inequality in Reemployment Outcomes Disaggregated by Marital and Parental Status.”


RECENT PRESENTATIONS

2017
“Beyond Employment Inequality: Wealth Disparities by Disability Status in Canada and the United States.” with David Pettinicchio. ASA Annual Meeting, Regional Spotlight Session, Montreal, QC. August 14, 2017.

The Varying Effects of Incarceration, Conviction, and Arrest on Wealth Outcomes Among Young Adults.” with Bryan Sykes. ASA Annual Meeting, Montreal, QC. August 13, 2017.

“The Declining Significance of Parenthood? Effects of Parental Status on Wages for Young Adults Across Generations.” with Brian Serafini. PAA Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL. April 27, 2017.

“When the Kids Live at Home: Coresidence, Parental Assets, and Economic Insecurity.” PAA Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL. April 28, 2017.

2016

“When the Kids Come Home: Coresidence with Adult Children and Its Influence on Wealth Accumulation.”  ASA Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA.

“A Wealth of Inequalities: Mass Incarceration, Employment, and Racial Disparities in Household Wealth, U.S. 1996-2011.”  PAA Annual Meeting, Washington, DC.

2015
“Sharing or Limiting the Wealth? Gender, Household Structure, and Net Worth in the United States and Canada.” ASA Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL.

“Racial Dimensions of Wealth Inequality in the United States and Canada” Federation of Canadian Demographers (FCD) Conference. Ottawa, ON.

“Race, Immigrant Status, and Wealth Inequality in Two Countries” CSA Conference. Ottawa, ON.

“Fifteen Years of Wealth Disparities in Canada: New Trends or Simply the Status Quo?” Presented at the 25th Annual Warren E. Kalbach Population Conference. Edmonton, AB.

2014

“Different Story, Same Ending: Family-Related Gender Earnings Penalties and Premiums Across Two Generations.” with Brian Serafini. Presented at the ASA Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

2013
“The Absorbing Status of Incarceration and Its Effects on the Accumulation of Assets and Debt.” ASA Annual Meeting, New York, NY.

“Disability, Employment, and Work: How Occupational Segregation Affects Earnings Outcomes for People with Different Disabilities.” with David Pettinicchio. ASA Annual Meeting, New York, NY.

“Starting Over in the New Labor Market: Age Disparities in the Reemployment Outcomes of Displaced Older Workers.” with Brian Serafini. Presented at the ASA Annual Meeting, New York, NY.

2012
“The Failure of Equal Rights Policy? Explanations for the Declining Economic Wellbeing of People with Disabilities in the United States, 1992-2010.” with David Pettinicchio. Presented at the ASA Annual Meeting.

“Recession, Man-cession, or Mom-cession? Gender Inequality in Reemployment Outcomes Disaggregated by Marital and Parental Status.” with Brian Serafini. Presented at the ASA Annual Meeting.

2011
“Deeper Cuts, Greater Scars: Inequality in Reemployment Outcomes for Workers During the Great Recession.” with Brian Serafini. Presented at the ASA Annual Meeting.

“The Scarring Effects of Bankruptcy: Cumulative Disadvantage Across Credit and Labor Markets.” Presented at the ASA Annual Meeting.

2010
“Crime and Credit: Does a Criminal History Affect Access to Credit Markets?” Presented at the ASC Annual Meeting.

“Leading Some into Bankruptcy: Adverse Events, Debt, and Earnings.” Presented at the ASA Annual Meeting.


GRANTS, FELLOWSHIPS, AND AWARDS

SSHRC Insight Grant with David Pettinicchio (April 2015), “Employment Discrimination in Hiring People with Disabilities: An Audit Study” (#435-2015-0382, $177,253)

SSHRC Insight Development Grant (June 2014), “Wealth Disparities across Groups in Canada and the United States: Who Gets Ahead and Who Falls Behind?” (#430-2014-00092, $63,025)

Department of Labor Employment and Training Research Paper Grant (Oct. 2011), “Deeper Cuts, Greater Scars:  Inequality in Reemployment Outcomes” (DOLJ111A21738)

Bill Meloff Teaching Award (March 2016), Awarded by the University of Alberta Sociology Department.

Herbert L. Costner Distinguished Paper Award (June 2011), Awarded by the UW Sociology Department

CSSS Graduate Student Research and Training Grant (May 2011), Awarded by the UW Center for Statistics and the Social Sciences (CSSS)

National Science Foundation Dissertation Improvement Grant (June 2010), “The Effects of Bankruptcy Across Credit and Labor Markets” (#1028387)

West Coast Poverty Center Dissertation Fellowship (Spring 2010), Awarded by the UW West Coast Poverty Center (WCPC)

Outstanding Performance for the Masters of Arts Degree (June 2008), Awarded by the UW Sociology Department

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